Human resource is a vast topic that goes beyond the usual understanding of human resource management in business organizations. Social sciences include human resources at the state and economic levels.
The legislative changes made in recent years have achieved: decentralized management of social services, promotion of private entrepreneurship, the introduction of a registration regime for social service providers instead of a license; introduction of criteria and standards for the provision of social services and human resources capital, more effective control in the field of social services, widening of sources of funding, strengthening of civil control.
According to their funding, social services were divided into: government liability activities and municipal liability activities. The former is financed entirely from the state budget but only managed by the municipalities. These are specialized institutions for providing social services, centers for social rehabilitation and integration, sheltered housing.
The advantages of this program in the field of social and human resources policy are: approximation of social services to the usual home and social environment of their users, individual approach in the provision of social services; the opening up of social services to the private and third sectors; availability of criteria and standards for providing social services.
The disadvantages are mainly related to: the unsatisfactory condition of the building stock and furnishings in social homes, leading to poor quality of service and requiring large upfront social entrepreneurs
Special emphasis in the work of the competent state institutions in order to improve the quality of the social services provided in the specialized institutions and in the community is the methodological support of the staff, the directors of the homes, the mayors and the territorial structures of the Social Assistance Agency.
The main priority areas in which action needs to be taken are:
Establishment of different groups, most fully covering the persons in need of social assistance and defining the necessary criteria for entry into them elderly people without income, long-term unemployed, disabled people and others;
Raising public awareness of the problems and opportunities of people with disabilities;
Creating the necessary conditions to adapt the living, environmental, institutional and communication environment to the needs of people with disabilities;
Guaranteed access to quality education in the general education environment of people with disabilities;
Provision of complex medical and social rehabilitation;
Empowerment and employment incentives for people with disabilities;
Ensuring equal opportunities for sports, recreation, tourism and participation in the cultural life of people with disabilities.
The health policy in Bulgaria, developed by the Ministry of Health, is oriented towards radical health care reform. It is based on principles that are generally accepted in European countries: democracy, equality, accessibility, solidarity and more.
The main objective of health reform is to create high-quality healthcare tailored to the health needs of the individual, family and nation. The main directions of the reform are:
Respect for citizens’ rights with regard to health care, with particular attention to ethnoreligious communities and other at-risk groups;
High quality of health services by increasing the freedom of choice;
Effective management, including decentralization of management functions and the development of self-management of health centers.
Combining the interests of citizens in the position of patients on the one hand and medical professionals on the other.
The development of a modern healthcare system is one of the main priorities of the ongoing health reform. A national concept was developed for restructuring health care and creating a new modern system for serving the population.
Efforts in this area are focused on three main areas related to human resources development:
Improving the quality of life The pursuit of this objective enables the development of civil society and democratic thinking through arts and culture: providing broad access to cultural participation, supporting cultural initiatives of young people, minority groups and disadvantaged groups, expanding international cultural contacts and promoting European integration.
New professions and new jobs in order to improve the effectiveness of different cultural activities is necessary: retraining and new specialties that optimize the activity of each cultural institute; through advertising, various marketing studies and modern management to achieve an increase in the number of visitors to cinemas, theaters, concerts, libraries, etc., which in turn will increase the return on investment.
Modernization of information systems it is necessary for the cultural sub-sectors to develop modern information systems. Based on the already existing structures (community centers and libraries), an information network is being created to provide broad access to information, increase services in sub-sectors, and opportunities for inclusion in global networks.